Travelling by air is good value in Uzbekistan and it’s a great way to cover the large distances between big cities. Flights do fill up though, so try to book at least several days in advance during high season.
Uzbekistan Airways has convenient booking offices in Tashkent, but elsewhere it’s easier to buy tickets online or in one of the many aviakassa (travel agencies).
At the time of writing, Uzbekistan Airways had just changed its pricing system for foreigners from fares quoted in US dollars to fares paid in Uzbek som converted at the old exchange rate. This means that domestic airfares were halved. The airline will probably adjust these fares over time, but if you are lucky you might still get a bargain-priced domestic flight. Either way, if paying in cash you will have to pay for tickets in Uzbek som.
An increasing number of people are cycling across Uzbekistan, though there are some disadvantages, including monotonous desert landscapes, the intense summer heat and the registration hassles involved with camping en route.
It is not possible to travel by boat around Uzbekistan.
Clapped-out state buses have almost disappeared from Uzbek roads and long-distance buses of any kind are increasingly hard to find.
For shorter distance between towns you will find 11- to 14-seat Russian-made ‘Gazelle’ vans. For shorter suburban trips you’ll find cramped seven-seat Daewoo Damas minivans.
In general you are almost always better off with a shared taxi, if there is one.
Car & Motorcycle
Driving your own vehicle across Uzbekistan is possible, provided you have insurance from your home country and a valid international driving licence. Be prepared for the same kind of hassles you’ll experience anywhere in the former Soviet Union: lots of random stops and traffic cops fishing for bribes. Driving is on the right.
There are no car-rental agencies, so you’ll need to hire a taxi and driver, either from the bazaar or through a B&B or a tour agency. Costs are generally affordable even for several days on end; budget around US$50 per day (excluding petrol). A cheaper option is to pay for all seats in a shared taxi between towns.